Use of platelet rich plasma – PRP

In the last decade in medicine there was burned a new direction – regenerative or recovery medicine, which is based on the ability of cells in our body to renovation.

Use of platelet rich plasma – PRP

One of the major achievements of regenerative medicine is the use of platelet rich plasma(PRP -platelet rich plasma), in clinical practice. Over the years, this area was actively developing in the medical and scientific world and increasingly being applied in different fields of medicine. The method is based on the principle of autohemotherapy, known in the world since the beginning of the XX century. To date, this method significantly improved, given the high efficacy in the treatment of chronic inflammatory processes in various areas of medicine – as surgery, orthopedics, gynecology, stimulating the body’s immune.

Platelets play an important role in the processes of blood coagulation in tissue damage. Allocating growth factors – specific proteins, they run the biochemical processes that contribute to the stimulation of the division and growth of damaged cells. The normal concentration of platelets in the blood – from 150 thousand to 350 thousand per 1ml. Accordingly, the increase of platelts count in plasma leads to more intense their influence in the processes of tissue repair and wound healing. The stimulatory effect occurs when the concentration of platelets in the plasma reaches 1 million / ml.and more.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) – is blood plasma with high concentration of platelets, which play a leading role in the healing and regeneration of damaged tissues. PRP contains 3-5 times more growth factors (platelet derived growth factor, transforming growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, epithelial growth factor, etc.), Cytokines, biologically active proteins than whole blood.

Due to the strong regenerating properties of platelets in their high concentration in the plasma are accelerated processes of epithelialization, wound healing, bone formation. This reduces post-operative swelling and soreness, and most importantly, significantly reduces the healing period compared to conventional surgery.

The dynamics of the release of growth factors.

90% of growth factors released within the first 10 min . The remaining 10% is released within 1-1.5 hours later. Thus, PRP must be activated prior to use and in any case in advance.

Clinical use of PRP

The targets to PRP growth factors are stem cells and progenitor cells , and in the non-cellular material no one nor the other. The efficacy of PRP to accelerate the healing of soft tissue and epithelialization. Given the above, the use of PRP is indicated for transplant free connective tissue graft manipulation mucoperiosteal flaps and enhancing soft tissue cosmetic procedures.

Growth factors in general and PRP in particular are part of the new biotechnology, whose effectiveness has already been proved and optimistic future is not in doubt. The exact understanding of this technology and its proper use for the benefit of patients who entrust our hands their health, is the task of the medical practitioner.

Application autoplasma (PRP)

in Trichology :

the use of PRP in Trichology helps cease hair loss after the first procedure. Hair follicles go into a stage of reconstruction and growth. Normalizes the function of sweat and sebaceous glands of the scalp. There is a growing stagnation of the growth of bacteria and fungi at skin. Hair becomes more dense and brilliant. Restores the structure and health of the hair.

in Surgery and Orthopedics:

Pain and discomfort in the joints feel thousands of people after the age of 50-ty. This is due to age-related changes in the structure of cartilage and bone. Often the process exacerbate, as a result of incorrectly conducted conservative treatment for the disease, and patients passes into the category of the patients needing surgery – arthroscopy or arthroplasty. Therefore it is important to establish the correct diagnosis and start the right treatment. Even a slight crunch in the joint may be a sign of the beginning of a problem. The unique technology of treatment with autoplasma (PRP) can slow the aging process of the musculoskeletal system and prevent degenerative changes in the joints in the early stages of the disease.As a result the patient returning the joy of life and movement without pain.

Treatment with autoplasma (PRP) in surgery allows you to:

  • reduce muscle spasms
  • to reduce joint pain
  • to increase the range of motion in joints
  • rejuvenation and restoration of the articular cartilage
  • strengthening the ligaments of the joints
  • accelerated rehabilitation after injuries and surgeries
  • accelerate healing of venous ulcers and non-healing pressure ulcers

in Urology and Gynecology:

  • for the treatment of incontinence
  • for the treatment of dyspareunia
  • for treatment of erectile dysfunction

in Neurology:

  • for treatment of intervertebral disc herniation

PRP is injection procedure aimed to stimulate regeneration processes and the launch of synergistic reactions in damaged and aging tissues.

Author of the article: dr. Viatcheslav Moiseenko